Finches Vs Java Sparrows: What Is The Difference?

Finches Vs Java Sparrows

Though Java Sparrows are often regarded as Java Finches, they don’t exactly belong to the same family. But many people would mistake them for another and get confused even further. That is why I thought it is necessary to discuss Finches vs Java Sparrows.

While both Finches and Java Sparrows are seed-eating birds, they are not the same. Javas are not widely available like Finches and they also differ in size, appearance, and lifespan. Besides, despite requiring minimum care, there are some differences between Finches and Java care as well. But both of these birds are popular as pets.

But how do you identify or separate Finches from Java Sparrows? If you plan to find Finches or Java Sparrows or both, it is essential to know their differences and other necessary information. Lucky for you, you will find everything you need to know in today’s article.

Finches Vs Java Sparrows: Comparison Table

FeaturesFinchesJava Sparrows
Scientific NameFringillidaeLonchura/Padda oryzivora
HabitatCommonly found in many parts of the worldNot commonly available everywhere
Size3-10 inches5-7 inches
ColorA wide variety of colorsWhite, Grey, Silver, Black, and Brown
Food HabitSeed-based food with fruits, vegetables, insects, leaves, etc.Seed-based food with chopped fruits and vegetables
Breeding HabitPolygynous and monogamousMonogamous and sexually monochromatic
PersonalitySocial and friendlySocial and friendly but often territorial
LifespanUp to 10 years5 to 7 years

Finches Vs Java Sparrows: What is The Difference?

Java Sparrows are not Sparrows, nor are they Finches. And even though they may look similar and have some similar traits, they have several differences. Here I have described some of them to help you identify Finches and Java Sparrows.


Finches usually live in warm environments, such as North America, Africa, Hawaii, various parts of Australia, etc. They prefer living in tall buildings, forests, grasslands, etc.

On the other hand, Java Sparrows are native to Java, Bali, and some other parts of Indonesia. But they can be found in some parts of the world. However, Javas are not as widely available as Finches due to their fewer population.

Read more: Are Java Sparrows Rare?


Because of so many types of Finches available, you will see a wide variety of colors and appearances in Finches. They have brighter colors and patterns which make them very attractive.

Java Sparrows also have beautiful gray and white bodies with slight red in their legs and beaks. And Finches and Javas can be of various sizes based on multiple factors, Finches are usually slightly larger than most Java Sparrows.

Food Habit

Both Finches and Java Sparrows have a pretty similar diet. And this can come in handy if you plan to keep Javas and Finches together.

But let me explain in short here that they can both survive on seed-based food. I also provide my Finches and Javas with chopped vegetables, leaves, and fruits. Additionally, the Finches also prefer eating various small insects.


I cannot tell you how long they will live because all birds’ lifespan depends on their environment, food habits, care, maintenance, and more. In captivity, Java Sparrows can live around 3 to 5 years, and Finches can make it to 5. However, in the wild, Finches can live up to 10 years while Javas live around 7 to 9 years.

Despite their nature and occasional aggressive behavior, Finches and Java Sparrows are traded all around the world for selling as they are often kept as pets. But keeping them as pets comes with various advantages and also disadvantages. So it is best to know them too.

Pros and Cons of Finches as Pets


  • Finches are social and friendly birds, and not noisy.
  • There is a wide variety of Finches available and they have different colors.
  • They are low-maintenance birds, and keeping them in pairs or groups can easily keep them happy.
  • Finches don’t require larger cages. That is why they are easy to keep in small apartments or houses.
  • Their singing and calling can be nice to hear sometimes.


  • Even though they are social, Finches are not the kind of birds you can get along with.
  • Sudden change in the environment can trigger their anxiety.
  • Finches are sensitive to changes in the environment.

Pros and Cons of Java Sparrows as Pets


  • Javas have a very beautiful appearance and signature colors.
  • They are easy to keep in pairs or groups. Sometimes, you can also keep them with other birds.
  • Like Finches and Canaries, Javas are also social birds and good pets.
  • They create many sounds or songs during the mating season which are interesting to hear.
  • Javas are easy to maintain and don’t require a variety of food.


  • Keeping Javas with the wrong types of birds can make them aggressive.
  • They are not widely available.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. Are Java Sparrows and Finches the same?

Although many people think Java Sparrows are Finches because they are also known as Java Finches, they are not the same. They belong to two different families of birds and have differences in appearance.

Q. Can I keep Java Sparrows and Finches together?

Though it is not recommended to keep them together, Javas and Finches can be kept in the same room or aviary. But for that, following and maintaining a few things is important.

Q. Are Finches and Java Sparrows good pets?

Finches and Javas are friendly and can be good pets. But you must give them the required time and environment for them to feel safe. However, it is also advised to keep them away from children as they can get stressed easily.

Final Words

Comparing Finches and Java Sparrows is very important both as a breeder and pet owner. It helps you understand their natures better, which comes in handy if you plan to keep them both. But make sure you are well-prepared before having them because maintaining the birds around the beginning can be quite a handful.

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